Environment-India

India is a country with rich natural heritage. The country has three biodiversity hotspots. (Western ghats, himalayas and Indo-burma region). The endemic species in the regions are protect by different conventions and wildlife laws. India is a signatory in CBD. So the laws made are in accord with CBD.
Convention on Biological diversity
The laws in India protect these areas, India is one of the countries that signed CBD(convention on biological diversity), whose objective is to enable countries to develop national strategies for the conservation of biological diversity. At present Nagoya protocol is adopted by CoP of CBD. This convention is a multilateral treaty and was opened at Rio Earth summit.
EnB Timeline Chart by Mrunal
Picture credit :: The one and only Mrunal bhai
Salient features of this convention are
  • The agreement covers all ecosystems, species and genetic resources.
  • Links traditional conservation efforts to the economic goal of using biological resources sustainability
  • In view of rapidly expanding biotechnology, Cartagena protocol on biosaftey   ( bio-safety protocol)addressing technology development and transfer and other  bio-safety issues.
  • The most discussed, sharing in fair and equitable way.
The governing body of this convention is CoP consisting of all governments that have ratified this treaty.
Indian makes laws to protect the rich biodiversity of the country. As per these laws, India has designated protected areas  in the country, as designated by IUCN.
  • National parks(120 national parks IUCN category II)
  • Wildlife sanctuaries(IUCN category IV, 500 animal sanctuaries 48 tiger reserves, project tiger, latest tiger reserve rajaji national park)
  • Biosphere reserves(IUCN category V )
  • Reserved and protected areas
  • conservation reserves and community reserves
  • private protected areas
  • conservation areas
The above are the protected areas in the country.
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Absolute rights

A little late to the party but still relevant. A few months ago a person named Kanhaiya kumar was arrested for being anti national (whatever that means). Media as always supported him no matter what he did, (because of course he is against Modi). There is one point to note here —-> Every person agrees that if he was being anit India it is wrong. But again ofcourse free speech argument is always there. This gives us a vague idea as to how the democracy of India has progressed. India in all these years has never given any citizen absolute fundamental rights. I still don’t get why there should not be absoulte fundamental rights. Right to life  should be absolute fundamental right. In case of henious rape cases, we should think why should we let them go with such painless death. We are not giving them any kind of punishment if they were punished by death penalty.

India and our national movement is not a movement for independent nation but a movement for rights. It started as that and ended in making a constitution which has utmost emphasis on  Fundamental rights. Article 13 in Indian constitution states that if there is any amendment or law made which violates these fundamental rights then the law becomes invalid. If you look at all the rights that we have in the constitution every right has some loop which basically says it is not absolute and we are not even talking in the cases of emergency.